There are basically three types of dog food including dry (also known as kibble), wet, and semi-moist. Each type has its own advantages and disadvantages also. In terms of nutrients, wet dog food is superior compared to others, while dry foods’ greatest feature is the convenience aspect. An overview of those types is outlined below.
Contents at a Glance
Wet Dog Food
Wet dog foods are usually available as canned foods. Some products of this category are cooked at high temperatures to sterilize the ingredients. Canned foods are cooked during the canning process, so a dog owner can immediately prepare the foods after purchasing.
Canned dog foods usually contain the highest nutrient values among other types. Once the can is opened, the foods must be consumed immediately. High level of moisture may cause the food to decay within days only. The price of wet dog food is generally more expensive compared to dry or semi-moist type. Other than cans, the packaging may also use foil trays and pouches.
Protein gel and grain gluten are often used to create interesting shapes similar to real meat. Nonetheless, it is very soft that a dog will not need to chew the food many times before swallowing. Dogs with dental problems will find that such soft foods are better.
Semi-Moist Dog Food
Semi-moist has a moisture level of approximately 25 – 35%, which is much lower compared to that of wet types (approximately 75%). Many dog treat products (such as biscuits) are available in this form.
The dog food is least popular from all types of dog food. The basic reason is simply because every aspect of semi-moist dog food falls between the more popular two types. Semi-moist is less convenient compared to kibble, but it is cheaper than the canned foods.
Another reason is the tendency of using high level of chemical preservatives. They are commonly packed in sachets, so it does not benefit from the preserving attributes of canning. It also contains a considerable level of moisture, unlike dry food that is not likely to decay in short period.
Dry Dog Food
Among all types of dog food, dry dog food has the lowest level of moisture (approximately 10%). The manufacturing process usually involves baking. The food is the most convenience simply because it stays digestible even after long period.
In general, this type of dog food is less expensive compared to the canned/wet variety. It is also satisfies dog’s natural instinct to chew and commonly packed in a bag of different sizes and protein values.
Some people consider dry dog foods have the abilities to help to clean dogs’ teeth, but it is still arguable. Dry food possibly helps to exercise the dog’s jaw muscles, but it is not likely to greatly contribute to the cleanliness of dog’s teeth.
Dry and canned varieties are the most popular types of dog foods, although semi-moist varieties are also available. They are manufactured by many different reputable companies across the world, so you should be able to easily find any specific variety for your dog. In terms of nutrients, any quality dog food should include the entire essential vitamins, minerals, and other substances to support healthy growth, regardless of the type.